Transmission to birds can be by a variety of routes, including :
CauseThe cause is a Type A avian influenza virus.
bird that dies unexpectedly should be examined for evidence of H5N1 avian flu
virus. Signs at post-mortem may include :
There is no satisfactory treatment for this disease, and infected birds should be culled and disposed of using effective biosecurity measures to prevent cross-contamination or transmission to other birds, or human handlers.
There is a vaccine available against the H5 avian flu strain, (Nobilis Influenza - Intervet), which also provides protection against H7 and H9 strains, but use of the vaccine is strictly controlled by Government Regulatory Authorities.
The prognosis is poor for infected birds with clinical signs
Long term problems
The possibility of a carrier state presents problems for other birds that may come into contact with an infected individual, and this may also result in spread of the disease across Continents through migratory wild birds.
Influenza viruses frequently undergo genetic modification and one of the
main concerns is that this highly pathogenic avian virus might mutate so that
it can be transmitted readily between humans, and so result in a human
Pet bird owners should be given the
following advice : Updated January 2016
Pet bird owners should be given the following advice :
Updated January 2016