A petroleum distillate used as an alternative to turpentine and known as turpentine substitute. Similar to kerosene, it is a mixture of long-chain hydrocarbons.


[affected.gif] Animals most affected
Dogs, (cats).


[etiology.gif] Etiology


[toxic.gif] Toxicity
The product is highly irritant and very volatile (due to its low surface tension, the petroleum distillate achieves widespread diffusion in the lungs, even when the quantities involved are extremely small). Elimination is through the lungs. Toxic doses are not known.


[clinical.gif] Clinical features
On ingestion
The following problems may arise:

Cutaneous contamination
(Especially if there has been rubbing or brushing of the skin): effects as above, together with severe pruritus.

On Inhalation
severe respiratory difficulties: suffocation, hacking dry cough, wheezing, severe dyspnoea, acute respiratory distress;
rapid deterioration and death.


[lesions.gif] Lesions
Variable, dependent on the route of exposure:



[treatm~1.gif] Treatment
No antidote. Symptomatic care only, promote excretion.

Following ingestion


In all cases

If indicated


[case.gif] Case summary
A dog accidentally became covered in paint. The owner cleaned its coat using white spirit. A short while afterwards, the animal presented with a drunken staggering gait and weakness in its hind quarters. On clinical examination, the veterinary surgeon noted that the dog had a mild tremor and congestion of the mucosae. The animal was kept under observation and given antibiotics. His condition improved rapidly without complications or sequelae.