A selective soil-incorporated dinitroaniline herbicide for use on various crops, effective against grasses and dicotyledons. Available commercially as a liquid for spraying. Often mixed with isoproturon, linuron, napropamide or terbutryn.


[affected.gif] Animals most affected
Cattle, (sheep, goats, dogs).


[etiology.gif] Etiology
Accidental ingestion of the agrochemical product. Incidents of water pollution have also been reported after spraying equipment and containers have been washed out into rivers, ponds or water courses


[toxic.gif] Toxicity
Compound of low toxicity, except to fish.
Oral doses in mg/kg or concentrations in mg/l;

  LD50 rats 5000-10 000
  mice 5000
  rabbits >2000
  chickens >2000
  dogs >2000
LD cattle 175 for 10 days
  sheep 175 for 10 days
TD cattle 175 for 2 days
  sheep 175 for 2 days
  chickens 500 for 10 days
LC50 (96h) fish 0.01-0.07



[clinical.gif] Clinical features
Non-specific with no obvious characteristics:


Generally good prognosis.


[lesions.gif] Lesions
Non-specific: congestion of the gastrointestinal tract, liver and kidneys.


[treatm~1.gif] Treatment
No antidote. Symptomatic care only: