Nerium oleander (common oleander, rose laurel). A member of the plant family APOCYNACEAE. Perennial shrub with evergreen leaves and sweet-scented white or pink flowers. Follicular fruit. Very common ornamental plant in Mediterranean areas; also grown in temperate climates, in conservatories and greenhouses.


[affected.gif] Animals most affected
Cattle, sheep, goats, (horses, dogs).


[etiology.gif] Etiology
Ingestion of branches, stems or leaves in periods of food shortage, consumption of contaminated fodder or drinking water in which leaves have been macerated or left standing (ruminants). Chewing the leaves (dogs). Poisoning relatively rare.


[toxic.gif] Toxicity
Contains heterosides related to digitalis, and oleandroside, nerioside and nerianthoside. All parts of the plant are toxic.

Toxic oral doses not well known.

LD in g fresh leaves:
cattle  
 
30-60

   
LD in g dried leaves:
dogs 3
cats 2.5
pigeons  
 
3

     

[clinical.gif] Clinical Features
Occurring several minutes to 1-2 hours post-ingestion:



[lesions.gif] Lesions
Non-specific:



[treatm~1.gif] Treatment
Often not possible. Use: