Nerium oleander (common oleander, rose laurel). A member of the plant family
APOCYNACEAE. Perennial shrub with evergreen leaves and sweet-scented white or pink
flowers. Follicular fruit. Very common ornamental plant in Mediterranean areas; also
grown in temperate climates, in conservatories and greenhouses.
Animals most affected
Cattle, sheep, goats, (horses, dogs).
Ingestion of branches, stems or leaves in periods of food shortage, consumption of
contaminated fodder or drinking water in which leaves have been macerated or left
standing (ruminants). Chewing the leaves (dogs). Poisoning relatively rare.
Contains heterosides related to digitalis,
and oleandroside, nerioside and nerianthoside. All parts of the plant are toxic.
Toxic oral doses not well known.
LD in g fresh leaves:
LD in g dried leaves:
Occurring several minutes to 1-2 hours post-ingestion:
severe gastric effects: vomiting, diarrhoea,
colic, tenesmus, followed by
neurological effects: agitation, convulsions
and cardiac arrest.
petechiae on the gastric and intestinal
Often not possible. Use:
(do not give infusions of calcium salts).