A general purpose, non-persistent, contact, alkaloid insecticide, available commercially
in liquid form (as a soluble concentrate) for spraying, as shreds for fumigating
and as a soap. The pure compound is colourless, blackening when in contact with air.
Animals most affected
Ingestion of the herbicide (see also tobacco for cases of ingestion of the plant
or of cigarettes.
A very toxic alkaloidal extract of tobacco.
Nicotine sulphate is slightly less toxic.
Rapid onset following ingestion:
nausea, (occasionally vomiting);
occasional diarrhoea with abdominal pain;
excitement, shaking, occasionally convulsions;
rapid respiration, marked dyspnoea with hyperpnoea, followed by depression, incoordination;
coma and death due to respiratory depression.
If minimal quantities are ingested, the prognosis is good and recovery rapid.
cardiac and pulmonary haemorrhages;
congestion of the CNS.
No antidote. Symptomatic care and promote excretion:
gastric lavage, using (if possible) tannic acid or a 1:10 000 solution of potassium