(including nicotine sulphate)

A general purpose, non-persistent, contact, alkaloid insecticide, available commercially in liquid form (as a soluble concentrate) for spraying, as shreds for fumigating and as a soap. The pure compound is colourless, blackening when in contact with air.


[affected.gif] Animals most affected
Dogs, (cattle).


[etiology.gif] Etiology
Ingestion of the herbicide (see also tobacco for cases of ingestion of the plant or of cigarettes.


[toxic.gif] Toxicity
A very toxic alkaloidal extract of tobacco.

Oral doses:
LD50 rats 50-60 mg/kg
LD
horses  
 
100-300 mg/animal
  sheep 100-200 mg/animal
 
cats  
 
20-100 mg/animal
 
dogs  
 
20-100 mg/animal
Nicotine sulphate is slightly less toxic.

       

[clinical.gif] Clinical features
Rapid onset following ingestion:


If minimal quantities are ingested, the prognosis is good and recovery rapid.



[lesions.gif]
Lesions
Non-specific:



[treatm~1.gif]
Treatment
No antidote. Symptomatic care and promote excretion: