Papaver rhoeas (field poppy, red poppy, Flander's poppy). A member of the plant family PAPAVERACEAE. Slender, erect, branched annual with a hairy stem and soft, pale green leaves. The flowers are solitary, with five delicate, soft red petals and black stamens. Following flowering, an ovoid slightly ridged capsule develops, containing many minute, black seeds. When the plant is cut it exudes a white milky sap.


[affected.gif] Animals most affected
Cattle, (sheep, goats).


[etiology.gif] Etiology
Ingestion of fodder or hay contaminated with the poppy plant. The incidence of poisoning, however, is very low.


[toxic.gif] Toxicity
Contains crystalline alkaloids: rhoeadine, rhoeagenine and rhoearubine. The whole plant is toxic, during and after flowering. Toxicity is not altered by drying; the seeds are non-toxic. Toxic doses are not known, but overall toxicity is considered to be low.


[clinical.gif] Clinical features

Neurological

Gastric
   
Respiratory

Followed by


[lesions.gif] Lesions
Non-specific.



[treatm~1.gif] Treatment
Symptomatic care only: