Papaver rhoeas (field poppy, red poppy, Flander's poppy). A member of the plant
family PAPAVERACEAE. Slender, erect, branched annual with a hairy stem and soft,
pale green leaves. The flowers are solitary, with five delicate, soft red petals
and black stamens. Following flowering, an ovoid slightly ridged capsule develops,
containing many minute, black seeds. When the plant is cut it exudes a white milky
Animals most affected
Cattle, (sheep, goats).
Ingestion of fodder or hay contaminated with
the poppy plant. The incidence of poisoning, however, is very low.
Contains crystalline alkaloids: rhoeadine,
rhoeagenine and rhoearubine. The whole plant is toxic, during and after flowering.
Toxicity is not altered by drying; the seeds are non-toxic. Toxic doses are not known,
but overall toxicity is considered to be low.
marked excitation (rapid erratic jerky movements and disturbed behaviour, continuous
circling movements, lowing and bellowing).
anorexia, lack of rumination, flatulence,
a dazed, stunned condition (stupor),
blindness, prostration, coma;
death due to respiratory failure (uncommon;
prognosis is often good).
Symptomatic care only:
atropine, sc or iv, 0.05-01 mg/kg (efficacy not fully evaluated);