Phytolacca decandra (poke, poke root, pigeon berry, red-ink plant, jalap). Related species: P. americana (American nightshade, American spinach). A member of the plant family PHYTOLACCACEAE. Large, red-stemmed herbaceous plant, with alternate mid-green leaves and clusters of white flowers. The fruit is an attractive deep purple berry, resembling a fleshy blackberry, containing a deep staining purple juice.


[affected.gif] Animals most affected
Cattle, horses.


[etiology.gif] Etiology
Ingestion of fresh leaves during periods of drought or food shortage. Poisonings are very rare.


[toxic.gif] Toxicity
Contains saponins which are irritant substances. The entire plant is toxic. Toxic doses not known.


[clinical.gif] Clinical features


[lesions.gif] Lesions
Non-specific: gastroenteritis.


[treatm~1.gif] Treatment
No antidote. Symptomatic care only: