Euphorbia puicherrima. A member of the plant family EUPHORBIACEAE. Plant
or shrub with light green dentate leaves, and large bright red bracts surrounding
very small yellow flowers. Popular houseplant, much in evidence in the Christmas
Animals most affected
Chewing and/or ingestion of the leaves and red bracts ('flowers').
Plant has a milky white sap or latex which
contains euphorbones, triterpenes and other, as yet unidentified, agents. Toxic dose
When the sap is in contact with the skin or mucosae:
dermatitis with blistering, mild oedema;
Outcome generally favourable within 2-4 days.
blisters on the mucosae;
mild to moderate enteritis.
No antidote. Symptomatic care only:
wash the affected areas well with copious
amounts of water;
irrigate eyes with an anaesthetic eye
lotion (1% tetracaine);
antiseptics if indicated;
gastric demulcents, adsorbents.