Euphorbia puicherrima. A member of the plant family EUPHORBIACEAE. Plant or shrub with light green dentate leaves, and large bright red bracts surrounding very small yellow flowers. Popular houseplant, much in evidence in the Christmas season.


[affected.gif] Animals most affected
Dogs, cats.


[etiology.gif] Etiology
Chewing and/or ingestion of the leaves and red bracts ('flowers').


[toxic.gif] Toxicity
Plant has a milky white sap or latex which contains euphorbones, triterpenes and other, as yet unidentified, agents. Toxic dose not known.


[clinical.gif] Clinical features
Local
When the sap is in contact with the skin or mucosae:

General
Following ingestion:

Outcome generally favourable within 2-4 days.

[lesions.gif] Lesions


[treatm~1.gif] Treatment
No antidote. Symptomatic care only: