A mycotoxin produced by Phomopsis leptostromiformis.


[affected.gif] Animals most affected
Sheep, cattle, (horses, pigs).


[etiology.gif] Etiology
Fungus which grows on lupins (also on cereals which have sheathed grains, grown in pastures or meadows) after autumn rains. Poisoning, known as lupinosis, occurs after ingestion of contaminated lupins.


[toxic.gif] Toxicity



[clinical.gif] Clinical features

The following have also been observed:



[lesions.gif] Lesions


[treatm~1.gif] Treatment
Symptomatic care only
Remove all the foodstuffs implicated in the poisoning; death, however, may still occur to 2 months post-ingestion.

Prophylaxis
In sheep: administer zinc sulphate, 0.5 g/day per animal.


[labinv~1.gif] Laboratory investigations
Sample of contaminated fodder (to identify any lupin stems and to check for evidence of the mould).