Poinciana gilliesii syn Caesalpinia gilliesii (Japanese mimosa).
A member of the plant family PAPILIONACEAE (LEGUMINOSAE). Tree or shrub with pinnate
or bipinnate green leaves which fall off at an early stage. Flamboyant yellow and
orange flowers with five-cored stamens. Fruits are beige-coloured pods containing
several brown flat seeds. Ornamental plant, popular indoor houseplant.
Animals most affected
Ingestion of the seeds (or less commonly the flowers).
The flowers and seeds contain toxic phytohaemagglutinins.
10 seeds may kill a 6kg dog.
violent and protracted vomiting;
colic, haemorrhagic diarrhoea.
tetanic contractions and convulsions;
occasionally drowsiness and prostration.
General improvement without complications within 2-3 days. Possibility of death,
however, if the amount ingested is large.
Non-specific: acute gastroenteritis.
No antidote. Symptomatic care only:
anti-emetics (metoclopramide, 1-3 mg/ kg im)
gastric antacids, adsorbents.