Poinciana gilliesii syn Caesalpinia gilliesii (Japanese mimosa). A member of the plant family PAPILIONACEAE (LEGUMINOSAE). Tree or shrub with pinnate or bipinnate green leaves which fall off at an early stage. Flamboyant yellow and orange flowers with five-cored stamens. Fruits are beige-coloured pods containing several brown flat seeds. Ornamental plant, popular indoor houseplant.


[affected.gif] Animals most affected
Dogs.


[etiology.gif] Etiology
Ingestion of the seeds (or less commonly the flowers).


[toxic.gif] Toxicity
The flowers and seeds contain toxic phytohaemagglutinins.
Oral doses:
10 seeds may kill a 6kg dog.



[clinical.gif] Clinical features

Gastrointestinal

General

General improvement without complications within 2-3 days. Possibility of death, however, if the amount ingested is large.


[lesions.gif] Lesions
Non-specific: acute gastroenteritis.


[treatm~1.gif]
Treatment
No antidote. Symptomatic care only: