Lantana camara (shrub verbena). A member of the plant family VERBENACEAE. Evergreen shrub with green leaves and flowers of variable colours arranged in dense, domed heads. Fruits are blue-black with a single stone. Common wild and ornamental garden plant.

Animals most affected
Cattle, sheep, dogs.

Ingestion of the green plant in periods of drought and food shortage. Chewing or ingestion of the leaves (dogs).

[toxic.gif] Toxicity
Contains alkaloids which are hepatotoxic and nephrotoxic. Toxic doses not known.

[clinical.gif] Clinical features
In cattle

In dogs

[lesions.gif] Lesions

[treatm~1.gif] Treatment
No antidote. Symptomatic care only:

[case.gif] Case summary
A 12-year old chow had a history of hepatitis, associated with anaemia. It was noted that the dog vomited frequently; its general condition gradually deteriorated, leading to its death.
The animal regularly ate lantana and the post-mortem revealed 3-4 litres of liquid vegetable matter in its small intestine.