Convallaria majalis (May Lily, Jacob's Lily, Our Lady's Tears). A member of the plant family LILIACEAE. Perennial plant, growing from a rhizome with two long, oval leaves. Flowers are small white, fragrant and bell-shaped; the fruit are red berries containing several light brown seeds.


[affected.gif] Animals most affected
Dogs, cats, poultry.


[etiology.gif] Etiology
Chewing and/or swallowing flowers and leaves which have been made up into bouquets (cats, dogs). Ingestion of the fresh plant (birds, geese, ducks). Poisoning is rare.


[toxic.gif] Toxicity
The plant contains about 20 toxic alkaloids, most important of which are the cardiotoxic heterosides: convalloside, convallatoxol, convallamaroside, convallarin and convallamarin. Toxic doses not known.


[clinical.gif] Clinical features



[lesions.gif] Lesions
Non-specific and hardly apparent.


[treatm~1.gif] Treatment
No antidote. Symptomatic care only.