Trifohum hybridum. A member of the plant family PAPJL!ONAcEAE. Perennial
spreading herbaceous plant with toothed, classic, clover-shaped leaves and inflorescences
of pink and white pea-like flowers, drooping over pod-like fruit containing two to
Animals most affected
Ingestion over a prolonged period of time (several weeks) where the fresh plant is
the only source of food; however poisoning is rare today. Poisoning is called trifollosis.
Contains hepatotoxic alkaloids, which cause photosensitization as a secondary effect.
Toxic doses not known.
depression, alternating with periods of excitation and convulsions, with sweating.
constipation, colic, mild jaundice.
dermatitis develops on unprotected and unpigmented areas (variable).
Fatalities result where the diet continues to include a large proportion of the plant.
hypertrophic degeneration of the liver.
No antidote. Symptomatic care only:
place the animal in a shaded area;
hepatic protective agents;
stop feeding the animal fodder based on Alsike clover.