Trifohum hybridum. A member of the plant family PAPJL!ONAcEAE. Perennial spreading herbaceous plant with toothed, classic, clover-shaped leaves and inflorescences of pink and white pea-like flowers, drooping over pod-like fruit containing two to three seeds.


[affected.gif] Animals most affected
Horses.


[etiology.gif] Etiology
Ingestion over a prolonged period of time (several weeks) where the fresh plant is the only source of food; however poisoning is rare today. Poisoning is called trifollosis.


[toxic.gif] Toxicity
Contains hepatotoxic alkaloids, which cause photosensitization as a secondary effect.
Toxic doses not known.


[clinical.gif] Clinical features
Neurological

Gastrointestinal

Dermal

Fatalities result where the diet continues to include a large proportion of the plant.


[lesions.gif]
Lesions


[treatm~1.gif] Treatment
No antidote. Symptomatic care only: