Juniperus sabina (common savine,
savine tops). Related species: Juniperus chinensis (Chinese juniper),
J. horizontalis (creeping juniper). A member of the plant family CUPRESSACEAE.
Evergreen shrub or tree with juvenile awl-shaped leaves maturing to scale-like dark
green leaves in whorls, completely covering slender branchlets. Has flaking red-brown
bark. Fruits are small, rounded and dark brown, becoming purplish-black and fleshy
on maturity; usually contain two seeds.
Animals most affected
Cattle, horses, (goats, sheep).
Grazing on branches and foliage at ground level or ingestion of trimmings after pruning
(however incidence is rare as the plant is very bitter).
Contains volatile essential oils, pinene, sabinine and sabinol, resins, gums and
other substances. The entire plant is toxic. Toxic doses not known: horses and cattle
are particularly sensitive to the plant.
diarrhoea, occasionally haemorrhagic,
fatalities are frequent.
No antidote. Symptomatic care only:
oral adsorbents, gastric demulcents.
Contents of the stomach or rumen (to identify
any fragments of plant stems or leaves).