Juniperus sabina (common savine, savine tops). Related species: Juniperus chinensis (Chinese juniper), J. horizontalis (creeping juniper). A member of the plant family CUPRESSACEAE. Evergreen shrub or tree with juvenile awl-shaped leaves maturing to scale-like dark green leaves in whorls, completely covering slender branchlets. Has flaking red-brown bark. Fruits are small, rounded and dark brown, becoming purplish-black and fleshy on maturity; usually contain two seeds.


[affected.gif] Animals most affected
Cattle, horses, (goats, sheep).


[etiology.gif] Etiology
Grazing on branches and foliage at ground level or ingestion of trimmings after pruning (however incidence is rare as the plant is very bitter).


[toxic.gif] Toxicity
Contains volatile essential oils, pinene, sabinine and sabinol, resins, gums and other substances. The entire plant is toxic. Toxic doses not known: horses and cattle are particularly sensitive to the plant.


[clinical.gif] Clinical features
Gastrointestinal

Respiratory

Neurological


[lesions.gif] Lesions
Non-specific: gastroenteritis.
     

[treatm~1.gif] Treatment
No antidote. Symptomatic care only:
oral adsorbents, gastric demulcents.
     

[labinv~1.gif] Laboratory investigations
Contents of the stomach or rumen (to identify any fragments of plant stems or leaves).