[affected.gif] Animals most affected
Birds, cats, (dogs).


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Etiology
Pollution of seas, rivers, ponds, marshes, reservoirs, etc., by hydrocarbons (oil and oil products). (Birds are particularly affected by diesel oil and fuel oil.) Poisoning may develop after animals (cats and dogs) have fallen into drums or containers used for storing diesel. Accidental (and occasionally deliberate) spraying with products based on hydrocarbons (such as kerosene) which are used as vehicles for the dispersion of agro-chemicals.


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Toxicity
Possibility of percutaneous penetration or inhalation, though toxicity arises principally from ingestion through licking or grooming fur or preening contaminated feathers. These hydrocarbon products are irritant to the mucous membranes. Possibility of interference with the heat-dispersion mechanism in birds.


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Clinical features
In birds

In cats/dogs


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Lesions


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Treatment
In birds

In dogs and cats

If necessary: