Abrus precatorius (jequirity pea, jequirity bean, prayer bead plant). A member of the plant family PAPILIONACEAE (LEGUMINOSAE). Trailing, twining perennial vine with yellow or red flowers, and podlike fruit containing oval, shiny red and black seeds.


[affected.gif] Animals most affected
Dogs.


[etiology.gif] Etiology
Ingestion of seeds used as beads in jewellery and necklaces.


[toxic.gif] Toxicity
The seeds are highly toxic and contain the phytotoxin abrin, a protein neither degraded nor altered by gastric juices. Toxic oral doses not known. (Chewing half a seed can cause death in man.)


[clinical.gif] Clinical features
Latent period of several hours between ingestion and manifestation of clinical signs:


[lesions.gif] Lesions


[treatm~1.gif] Treatment
No antidote. Symptomatic and supportive care only: