Ecballium elaterium. A member of the plant family CUCURBITACEAE. Perennial herbaceous plant with hairy, sappy stems, leaves with serrated edges and basal tendrils. Yellow flowers with oblong fruit.


[affected.gif] Animals most affected
Pigs, horses, cattle, poultry, cats.


[etiology.gif] Etiology
Ingestion of the plant itself or the fruit.


[toxic.gif] Toxicity
Contains a heteroside, elaterine, which is a marked irritant. The entire plant is toxic.
Toxic oral doses not known.
LD cats 20 g fruit.


[clinical.gif] Clinical features

Ingestion of a small or moderate amount

Ingestion of a large amount


[lesions.gif] Lesions
Non-specific:



[treatm~1.gif] Treatment
No antidote. Symptomatic care only: