Lolium temulentum. A member of the plant family GRAMINEAE and related to the
rye grasses. Annual herbaceous plant with wide leaves and a flattened simple spike,
with spikelets arranged edgeways onto the central axis. Numerous florets. Large grooved
fruits (or caryopse) with curved feathery hairs.
Animals most affected
Ingestion of cereals contaminated with the
The toxic agents have not been fully identified
- possibly temuline and norloline. Also contains the alkaloid perloline.
Oral toxic doses not well established:
7 g/kg body weight
appear resistant to the compounds.
Clinical features Neurological effects:
mydriasis, ataxia, trembling, dizziness;
progressing to convulsions in severe
Satisfactory outcome in the majority of cases.
Non-specific and of little consequence to