Cupressus sempervirens (Italian cypress). Related species: C. glabra (smooth Arizona cypress), C. macrocarpa (Monterey cypress). A member of the plant family CUPRESSACEAE. Ornamental tree with evergreen leaves which completely cover the branches, including their tips. Exudes an aromatic odour redolent of turpentine. Has round, pointed cones, made up of layers of woody scales each containing several seeds or pine nuts.


[affected.gif] Animals most affected
Cattle.


[etiology.gif] Etiology
Ingestion of branches or twigs (uncommon as the plant has a repulsive odour), or of fallen clippings.


[toxic.gif] Toxicity
Contains a yellow coloured essential oil containing hydrocarbons (such as d-camphene), alcohols (including alpha-terpineol).
Oral doses not well established:
LD cattle between five and eight pieces of branch per 500 g ruminal contents


[clinical.gif] Clinical features
Very similar to those reported for yew, but less pronounced:


[lesions.gif] Lesions
Non-specific and not very pronounced.


[treatm~1.gif] Treatment
Of debatable value:


[labinv~1.gif] Laboratory investigations
Gastric or ruminal contents to provide evidence of the plant material.