Cupressus sempervirens (Italian cypress). Related species: C. glabra
(smooth Arizona cypress), C. macrocarpa (Monterey cypress). A member
of the plant family CUPRESSACEAE. Ornamental tree with evergreen leaves which completely
cover the branches, including their tips. Exudes an aromatic odour redolent of turpentine.
Has round, pointed cones, made up of layers of woody scales each containing several
seeds or pine nuts.
Animals most affected
Ingestion of branches or twigs (uncommon
as the plant has a repulsive odour), or of fallen clippings.
Contains a yellow coloured essential oil
containing hydrocarbons (such as d-camphene), alcohols (including alpha-terpineol).
Oral doses not well established:
between five and eight pieces of branch per
500 g ruminal contents
Very similar to those reported for yew, but
excitability, agitation, tremor, followed
depression, drowsiness and death.
Non-specific and not very pronounced.
Of debatable value:
emergency gastrotomy to remove pieces
of the plant material;
cardiorespiratory stimulants; heptaminol,
iv or im, 10 mg/kg.
Gastric or ruminal contents to provide evidence
of the plant material.