Trifolium repens (Dutch clover). A member of the plant family PAPILIONACEAE. Creeping, self-rooting perennial herbaceous plant with long leaf stalks bearing trifoliate leaves. White or rosy, pea-like flowers, the fruit are pods, each containing one seed. Extremely common in natural pastures and areas of grass.


[affected.gif] Animals most affected
Cattle, (sheep, goats, horses).


[etiology.gif] Etiology
Ingestion of the green plant or of fresh hay containing the clover.


[toxic.gif] Toxicity
Contains a cyanogenetic glycoside, lotaustralin. The HCN content depends upon:

Toxic doses not known.


[clinical.gif]
Clinical features
Possibility of sudden effects:

If not:

If the amounts ingested are small:


[lesions.gif] Lesions


[treatm~1.gif] Treatment
None applicable due to the rapid onset of symptoms. The following therapy may be tried:



[labinv~1.gif] Laboratory investigations

As the compound is extremely volatile, the sample for analysis should either be very fresh or frozen immediately.