(fungicides and herbicides)
Fungicides and herbicides characterized by their low toxicity.
Animals most affected
Cattle, sheep, goats, (dogs, game animals).
Accidental ingestion of the liquid or powder form of the agrochemical product (cattle,
dogs). Due to its low toxicity, even the consumption of recently treated vegetation
does not result in poisoning and consequently incidents of poisoning are rare.
Compounds in this category
Derivatives of carbarnic acid (carbamates)
fungicides: benomyl, carbendazim, propamocarb hydrochloride, thiophanatemethyl;
herbicides: asulam, barban, chlorbufam, chlorpropham, karbutilate, phenmedipham.
Derivatives of thiocarbarnic acid (thiocarbamates)
herbicides: butylate, cycloate, di-allate, EPTC, molinate, tri-allate.
Derivatives of ditliiocarbarnic acid (dithiocarbamates)
fungicides: carbaten, ferbam, man-copper, mancozeb, maneb, methamsodium,
metiram-zinc, nabam, propineb, thiram, zineb-ethylenethiurarn disulphide complex,
Please see entries for individual compounds.
Few main characteristics:
anorexia (occasional salivation), diarrhoea and flatulence;
followed by neurological effects: ataxia, muscular contractions, prostration.
with repeated ingestion, there is a possibility of cutaneous effects: alopecia;
risk of antithyroid effects with maneb;
certain compounds inhibit ovulation and egg laying (thiram, ziram).
hepatic, renal and pulmonary congestion;
occasionally hepatic degeneration;
No antidote. Symptomatic care only, promote excretion.