A common disinfectant with germicidal, deodorizing and bleaching properties. Usually in liquid form containing sodium hypochlorite (5 - 25% concentration), a solid bleach block or a powder containing calcium hypochlorite (chloride of lime, chlorinated lime).
Note: there is a new generation of non-chlorine bleaches based on hydrogen peroxide.

Animals most affected
Dogs, (cats).

[etiology.gif] Etiology
Accidental ingestion, in particular where dogs bite into concentrated bleach blocks. There is an associated risk of splashing bleach into the eyes. Drinking dilute solutions of bleach (all animals), or falling into containers full of diluted bleach (cats).

[toxic.gif] Toxicity
Caustic and irritant properties, similar effects to alkalis. Toxic doses unknown.

[clinical.gif] Clinical features
Ingestion of concentrated solutions

Ingestion of dilute solutions

Contact with eyes or skin through splashing

[lesions.gif] Lesions

[treatm~1.gif] Treatment
Following ingestion
Do not induce emesis or perform gastric lavage.

Following dermal or ocular exposure