Peta vulgarts (sugar-beet, mangel, fodder beet). A genus of the plant family CHENOPODIACEAE. Biannual plant with a rounded, swollen, tuberous root crowned by a rosette (hypercotyl) of dark reddish-green, shiny leaves.


[affected.gif] Animals most affected
Cattle, pigs, sheep.


[etiology.gif] Etiology
Ingestion of excessive quantities of tubers, stems, leaves, or of beet pulp which is present in too high a proportion in diet rations, or following poor storage of the beet-based fodder.


[toxic.gif] Toxicity
In practice, poisoning incidents are almost entirely due to an imbalance of the nutritional components in beet-based feedstuffs. The beet root is rich in sugar and K; poor in nitrogenous materials, Ca, P and liposoluble vitamins. Beet also contains:



[clinical.gif] Clinical features and lesions


Poisoning by ingestion of the roots (tubers)
In cattle, several hours post-ingestion:

In pigs (fed on cooked swill based on beet):

Possibility of sudden death without any clinical signs. No specific lesions.

Poisoning from beet tops and leaves
In cattle:

In pigs:

Poisoning by ingestion of beet pulp
Caused by unbalanced food rations given to cows and pregnant ewes.

Acute form:

Chronic presentation:


[treatm~1.gif] Treatment
No antidote. Symptomatic care only.

Recommendations
Fodder beet must be gradually introduced into the diet if adverse effects are to be avoided. Furthermore, there is a need for a balanced diet with a progressive change towards an improved regimen containing a phosphate/calcium additive, hay and nitrogenous concentrates. Ensure that the beet pulp used is of the highest quality.