Rodenticide and mole killer.


[affected.gif] Animals most affected
Cats, dogs, poultry, game birds.


[etiology.gif] Etiology


[toxic.gif] Toxicity
A hypnotic which acts specifically on the medulla, causing hyperaesthesia.
Oral doses in mg/kg:

LD50 mice 300
  rats 400
  dogs 100-400
  pigeons 178
  ducks 42
  wild birds 30



[lesions.gif] Clinical lesions and effects
In birds

In carnivores


[clinical.gif] Clinical features
Non-specific:


[treatm~1.gif] Treatment
Symptomatic care only:


[labinv~1.gif] Laboratory analysis
Samples of:


[case.gif] Case summaries
A landlord who wished to get rid of semi-wild (feral) cats from a vacant lot adjacent to where he lived put down bait made of minced meat containing the rodenticide, alphachloralose. Within 24 hours, the neighbourhood was in uproar as many local domestic cats in the area were having convulsions, were agitated and trembling. Some cats were hypersalivating, others were found prostrate or deeply comatosed; several were found dead.