[affected.gif] Animals most affected
Dogs (cats, all other species).

[etiology.gif] Etiology
Direct ingestion (particularly by dogs), inhalation, accidental splashing of acid-based products.
Baits containing strong acids have been used to poison dogs (e.g. sponges soaked in acid).

[toxic.gif] Toxicity
Corrosive agents, caustic if solutions of sufficiently high concentration. Severe dehydration of tissues (particularly with sulphuric acid).

[clinical.gif] Clinical features
If in contact with skin or mucous membranes:

Contact with eyes:

Inhaladon of fumes or acidic vapours:

If ingested:

[lesions.gif] Lesions
erosion and ulceration of skin and mucous membranes;
enteritis, perforation of the gastrointestinal tract;
brown or yellow discoloration of those tissues in direct contact with the acid.

[treatm~1.gif] Treatment
Following ingestion
Do not induce vomiting, or perform gastric lavage;

Following inhalation or injection

Following contact with the skin or mucous membranes

Following contact with the eye

[case.gif] Case summary

A Pinscher dog was playing with a container of toilet descaler (hydrochloric acid) and swallowed an unknown amount. The animal was taken as an emergency case to a veterinary surgery where it presented with intractable vomiting, foamy in appearance, and in a state of shock. Examination of the mouth revealed a cyanosed and burnt tongue (resembling cardboard and fibrous in aspect), in addition haematuria developed. Despite treatment, the animal died within a few hours.