Brucella canis can cause abortion and epididymitis in dogs, fading puppy syndrome, and sometimes systemic disease, osteomyelitis, discospondylitis or even meningoencephalitis. B. canis is especially common in Central and South America and the southern USA, but is not normally found in the UK. Canine brucellosis is mainly spread through contact with vaginal discharges and after abortion, although urine can also contain the organism. Males can transmit B. canis in semen for several months.

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