- Since most of the causative agents are highly contagious, good hygiene management procedures should also be followed to control the disease.
- The agents are shed in high titre mainly in respiratory secretions of infected dogs, but CAV and CHV are also shed in faeces.
- Spread is via aerosol, by macrodroplets from coughing and sneezing, and by infected secretions on personnel, and feeding and cleaning utensils.
- Thus infected dogs should be isolated and strict hygiene precautions taken to prevent cross-infection.
- Common disinfectants such as hypochlorite and quaternary ammonium compounds are effective.
- Kennel ventilation is very important to reduce the concentration of infectious agents in the atmosphere; 15-20 air changes per hour are recommended
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