TONGUE TONGUE

Loss of taste sensation may occur with advancing age but there is no evidence that this is a common problem in cats and dogs. The likely effects of such a loss would be reduced appetite and some authors have described malnutrition in surgical cases involving the nasal passages.



Neoplasia

Neoplasia of the tongue is uncommon in dogs, but there is a relatively high incidence in cats. In the cat most neoplasms are squamous cell carcinoma, and others include fibrosarcoma, papilloma and haemangioma. In dogs malignant melanoma is the most serious as it is highly malignant, the fibrosarcoma and squamous cell carcinoma are also seen. All carry a poor prognosis. If localised surgical excision may be possible (e.g. papillomas) and in cats radiotherapy has been suggested as the best treatment for squamous cell carcinoma. Some haemangiomas are corticosteroid responsive, but there is no satisfactory treatment for fibrosarcoma though radiotherapy or hyperthermia may be helpful in some cases.



Uraemia

Ulceration around the lingual margin and severe halitosis is associated with advanced uraemia due to renal failure.