2.4 GERIATRIC CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE 2.4 GERIATRIC CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

Some cats and dogs with congenital heart disorders may survive into old age, as will many animals that develop clinical signs of heart disease in middle-age. Successful management of these cases through old age requires an understanding of the physical, metabolic and systemic changes that the individuals are undergoing due to normal ageing changes and concurrent organ disease. Destabilisation may occur, and readjustrnent of drug doses may be needed in some individuals, particularly those that develop signs of decompensation or drug toxicity.

Clinical conditions that would normally be expected to occur earlier in life may appear for the first time in old age, but in this section we shall only consider those cardiovascular diseases which are normally expected to occur in geriatric patients.



1. Acquired chronic valvular disease (endocardiosis)

2. Bacterial endocarditis

3. Dilated cardiomyopathy

4. Neoplasia

5. Feline hyperthyroidism

6. Cor pulmonale