Table 3.3 Causes of dependent oedema


Congestive heart failure (right-sided or biventricular)

Mitral regurgitation (commonly)

Aortic regurgitation (less commonly)

Tricuspid regurgitation (uncommonly)

Myocardial disease (rare)

Pericardial effusion (rare)

Constrictive pericarditis (rare)

Hypoproteinaemia

Protein-losing enteropathy (may be neoplastic, parasitic, bacterial or inflammatory in origin)

Liver failure

Protein-losing nephropathy

Vasculitis

Purpura haemorrhagica

Equine infectious arteritis

Equine infectious anaemia

Drug hypersensitivities

Local obstruction to venous and lymphatic return

Tumour

Abscess

Trauma

Cellulitis

Late pregnancy