5.10 Patent ductus arteriosus
5.10 Patent ductus arteriosus

A patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a rare defect in foals over 4 days of age. When present, it is often part of a complex anomaly.

Related Topics

5.10.1 Haemodynamic effects

5.10.2 Clinical signs

5.10.3 Diagnosis

5.10.4 Prognosis