2.2.7 High output failure
2.2.7 High output failure

In some situations, cardiac failure will be caused or exacerbated by other systemic changes. For example, the effects of anaemia and pregnancy may precipitate signs of CHF because they result in an increased demand for cardiac output. These are known as high output states. Animals with these conditions may be presented with CHF (high output failure) if they are combined with underlying heart disease Once the high output requirement is abolished, the signs of CHF may resolve without any change in the underlying cardiac condition