1.6 The effects of exercise on the cardiovascular system
In an athletic animal such as the horse, it is important to understand the effects of exercise on the cardiovascular system. In human and small animal cardiology, the principal concerns are survival and quality of life in animals with moderate or severe cardiac disease. However, in the horse, clinical cardiology is principally concerned with the effects of relatively minor cardiac disease on athletic perTherefore, the adaptations of the equine athlete to exercise training must always be considered when evaluating the cardiovascular system.
Exercise results in profound short-term changes in cardiac output, and to pulmonary and systemic peripheral vessels, and it may also lead to significant long-term changes. Not all of these changes are well understood and this disis only brief. Readers are referred to the listed texts for more complete discussion of exercise physiology.
1.6.1 The short-term effects of exercise
1.6.2 The long-term effects of exercise