Bronchoscopic investigation of the respiratory tract allows the accurate identification of the site of changes in the lung and airways, inspection of the airway mucosa, retrieval of foreign bodies, collection of samples for diagnostic purposes and confirmation of airway collapse.

While rigid endoscopes will allow useful information to be obtained, flexible fibreoptic endoscopes are more versatile.


Practical points of bronchoscopy

Typical bronchoscopic findings

Bronchial sampling and tracheobronchial cytology

Practical points of airway sampling

Sample handling

Cytological findings


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