Undoubtedly preparation and readiness for a CPA and the need to institute CPR is essential. Table 23.2 lists the facilities that should be readily available and understood by all members of staff, and Table 23.3 summarises the procedure.

The mnemonic ABCDEF can be helpful in remembering the steps in CPR during a 'crisis':

A - Airway
B - Breathing
C - Circulation
D - Drugs
E - Electrical defibrillation
F - Follow-up

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