This is a common congenital cardiac defect in dogs, with a higher incidence in Cavalier King Charles spaniels, German shepherd dogs, collies, poodles, Pomeranians, Irish settlers, Shetland sheepdogs and cocker spaniels. Twice as many females are affected as males. The majority of dogs progress into left-sided congestive failure within a few years of life. It also occurs in the cat, but few survive more than a few weeks.

PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS: Aetiology/pathology

PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS: Pathophysiology

PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS: History and Clinical signs

PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS: ECG

PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS: Radiography

PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS: Angiography

PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS: Echocardiography

PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS: Treatment

PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS: Prognosis


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