It is important that a regular and consistent
routine be established, so that the heart if fully imaged and nothing is overlooked.
The operator and animal must therefore
be comfortably positioned and sufficient time allowed, without leading to a feeling
of being rushed.
The normal examination is described under
the following sections: 2-D, M-mode, Doppler and contrast echocardiography. The
basic principles of ultrasound and the different forms are outwith the scope
of this text and the interested reader should consult suitable monographs (Goddard,
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