In this section the radiographic appearance of the cardiovascular system is described including changes seen with left- and right-sided congestive heart failure, and the normal size and shape of the heart followed by the radiographic features of individual chamber enlargement.

Thoracic radiography (despite the advent of Doppler echocardiography) remains the optimal diagnostic procedure for the assessment of the degree of volume load (pulmonary congestion or oedema) and is superior in this respect to clinical examination.

Congestive heart failure
Abnormal heart size and shape
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