is a naturally occurring water-soluble, vitamin-like quaternary amine, which
is found as a component of all animal cells. Only very small amounts are found
in plants except for avocado and some fermented soy products.
the body L-Carnitine is synthesised mainly in the kidneys and liver and the
following nutrients are involved in its biosynthesis :
amino acids : L-lysine, L-methionine
: Niacin, Vitamin B6 , Vitamin C
of its main roles in the body is to facilitate the movement of long-chain
fatty acids across the inner membranes of mitochondria for beta-oxidation to
produce the high energy compound adenosine triphosphate (ATP). It is also
responsible for the removal of short-chain fatty acids from mitochondria to
maintain coenzyme A concentrations.
the body the highest concentrations of carnitine are found in skeletal and
was formerly called Vitamin BT.